Gaines, James: Service no. 53675

Digitized Service Record

Source: 18th Battalion Nominal Roll, April 1915.


Summary of Service[i] for Private James Gaines, reg. no. 53675

October 1, 1893BornBorn to Mr. and Mrs. Gaines at Bingley, Yorkshire, England.
October 26, 1914EnlistsEnlists with the 18th Battalion at St. Thomas, Ontario. He is 21-years old and has 2-month’s experience with the 1st Contingent. The reason for his dismissal from that unit is not known. He was shown in 1st Battalion paylist.   On enlistment he was a machinist standing 5’9” tall. He was listed as having a fair complexion, brown eyes, and light brown hair. He identified with the Church of England.
April 18, 1915SailsSails from Halifax, Nova Scotia for Avonmouth, England aboard the SS Grampian.
September 15, 1915DisembarksDisembarks France as the 18th Battalion proceeds to Belgium for active service.
December 15, 1915SentencedSentenced to 5-day’s FP No. 1 for being absent for 9-hours on December 11, 1915. Forfeits 1-day’s pay under RW.
March 1916Assigns PayAssigns $15.00 per month to Mrs. J. Gains at 2A Fernbank Terrace, Crownest Road, Ferncliff, Bingley, Yorks. He may have met this woman in England and married her.
September 17, 1916Wounded, Admitted, and TransportedWounded with GSW right thigh and admitted to No. 3 Canadian General Hospital. He was probably wounded on the 15th or 16th of September during the action of Flers-Courcelette. Transported aboard the HS St. Denis to England.
September 17, 1916TransferredTransferred from 18th Battalion to CCAC, Folkestone.
September 18, 1916AdmittedAdmitted to Middlesex War Hospital, Napsbury Street, St. Albans. Next of Kin is Mary Gaines (RNS) at 39 Greenend Road, Eastmorton, Yorks, England.
September 28, 1916AdmittedAdmitted to Canadian Divisional Convalescent Ward, Cote Prior, Epsom
November 17, 1916TransferredTransferred from CCAC to CCD for PT (physical training) at Hastings.
December 2, 1917ArrivesArrives 18th Battalion, in the field.
January 24, 1917DischargedDischarged from CCD St. Leonards (CCAC) and TOS to 4th Reserve Battalion, West Sandling.
November 25, 1917ArrivesArrives from 4th Canadian Reserve Battalion to No. 2 CIBD, Etaples.
December 26, 1917AppointedAppointed Lance-Corporal as L.Cpl. W. Lawrence, reg. no. 174631 reverted to ranks.
April 1, 1918WoundedWounded in the field.
April 2, 1918Admitted and TransferredAdmitted to No. 2 CFA with wounds. Transferred to No. 8 CCS. Transferred to No. 18 General Hospital for a GSW to the left arm, severe.
April 4, 1918TOSTOS with the WORD from the 18th Battalion.
April 6, 1918TransportedTransported from France to England aboard the A.T. Newhaven.
April 6, 1918AdmittedAdmitted to Bath War Hospital.
June 4, 1918AdmittedAdmitted to the Granville Canadian Specialist Hospital, Buxton, Derbyshire.
July 8, 1918Medical ExamMany entries about this soldier “Waiting to got toe Canada.” From July 26 to August 21, 1918.
August 28, 1918AWLAWL as of 10:01 PM.
September 20, 1918TOSTOS with No. 1 District Depot, London, Ontario as he was invalided to Canada from England.
October 28, 1918TransferredTransferred from MCH London, Ontario to Neurological Hospital, Toronto, Ontario.
November 8, 1918TransferredDischarged and transferred to MCH, London, Ontario.
October 29, 1919DischargedDischarged at London, Ontario.
October 5, 1918PostedPosted to Hospital Section and granted a furlough with subsistence pay to October 19, 1918.
October 9, 1918PostedPosted to LMCH (London Military Convalescent Hospital), London, Ontario.
October 12, 1918ApprovedApproved to wear 4 Service Chevrons.
November 19, 1918TransferredTransferred from London to Ste. Anne’s De Bellevue Hospital, Ste. Anne, Quebec. TOS District Depot No. 4.
January 9, 1919TOSTOS MD. #1.
January 10, 1919TOSTOS due to transfer from MD #4 to Dominion Orthopaedic Hospital, Toronto, Ontario.
January 15, 1919TransferredTransferred to Dominion Orthopaedic Hospital, Toronto.
March 12, 1919TOSTOS #2 MD.
April 26, 1919TOSTOS to #1 MD.
September 22, 1919Court of InquiryCourt of Inquiry held September 19, 1919, as it is claimed he has been illegally absent since August 28, 1919, and that certain parts of his kit worth $38.46 is deficient. SOS as of September 18, 1919, and forfeits 21-day’s pay and allowances and is placed under stoppages to the value of $18.46.
September 26, 1919Two EntriesFirst entry seems to indicate that L.Cpl. Gaines has been AWL and an order relating to this has been cancelled. Another order re. SOS status is cancelled.
October 29, 1919DischargedDischarged as medically unfit dues to GSW left arm sustained on April 1, 1918. London, Ontario.
Post 1919AddressAddress card shows this man residing at 216 Hamilton Road, London. Previously 354 ½ Richmond Street.
August 20, 1960DeceasedDies at Westminster Hospital, London, Ontario and his wife, Mrs. Lydia Gaines is listed as his next-of-kin living at 181 Mill Street, London, Ontario.


AWLAbsent Without Leave: Generally, a soldier would be deducted 1-days pay for every day absent. In some cases, the soldier would be confined to barracks. Sometimes it was a combination of both.
A ClassificationMedical Board Classification that determined your fitness for duty. A1, A2, A3 and A4 were assigned to different units with the expectation that these men would be able to serve with active combat units. See this link for more information.
B ClassificationMedical Board Classification that determined your fitness for duty. B1, B2, and B3 were assigned to different service units such as railway and forestry corps. See this link for more information.
D ClassificationSee this link for more information.
CAMCCanadian Army Medical Corp
CBConfined to Barracks: a punishment for minor infractions.
CCDCasualty Convalescent Depot: a depot at a base where men, in their final stages of convalescing, would be prepared for duty depending on their rating.
CCHCasualty Clearing Hospital
CCRCCanadian Corps Reserve Camp
CCSCasualty Clearing Station: this facility was attached to rail transportation from the front to hospitals on the coast of France
CDCCanadian Dispatch Camp
CFACanadian Field Ambulance
DAHDisorderly Action of the Heart
DRSDivisional Rest Station
GSWGun Shot Wound – this was a generic term for all projectile penetrating wounds.
In the FieldThis term relates to a soldier arriving at an active-duty unit after transporting from England, to France, and then to his duty assignment. The routing varied from soldier to soldier and could take 2-3 days to several months.
MDMilitary District
PUOPyrexia of Unknown Origin: This was a term used for any illness that could not clearly be identified and typically was related to influenza symptoms.
SOSStruck Off Strength
TOSTaken On Strength
CAMCCanadian Army Medical Corp
CCHCasualty Clearing Hospital
CFACanadian Field Ambulance
DRSDivisional Rest Station
GSWGun Shot Wound – this was a generic term for all projectile penetrating wounds.
MDMilitary District
PUOPyrexia of Unknown Origin
SOSStruck Off Strength
TOSTaken On Strength
WORDWestern Ontario Regimental Depot

[i] The Summary of Service for this soldier is meant as just that, a summary of his service. It is not intended to be an exhaustive biographical relation of his life or his war service. Some information may be deliberately suppressed by the author out of sensitivity to the soldier. Readers are encouraged to reference the actual service records available at the Library and Archives Canada in PDF format if they wish to learn more about this soldier. Such additional information (i.e. hyperlinks etc.) are for informational purpose only and no claim to verification or accuracy is made by the author of this summary.

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