Edwards, John Bedford: Service no. 844377

Digitized Service Record

Source: Per post by Allan Miller at the 149th Battalion CEF- Lambton’s Own Facebook Group.


Source: Operation Picture Me via The 18th Battalion Facebook Group. London Free Press Circa 1918.
Left to Right: John Bedford Edwards (24-years old), Archibald Edwards (18-years old), and their father, Harry Thorne Edwards (41-years old). Taken when all of them were on leave in Wales Circa 1918.

Summary of Service[i] for Private John Bedford Edwards, reg. no. 844377

23 November 1894Born[ii]Born at Aberavon, South Wales to John and Elizabeth Bedford.
5 March 1917EnlistsEnlists with the 149th Overseas Battalion at London, Ontario. His attestation paper relates he was an automobile worker standing 5’3.5” tall. He was of the Baptist faith. He was not married and had no military experience. His next-of-kin was his mother who resided at 5 Ingleside Place, London, Ontario. It is noted in his Particulars of Family of an Officer or Man Enlisted in the C.E.F. that his father, John Henry Edwards was serving in the 7th Regiment at London, Ontario.
March 1917Assigns PayAssigns $15.00 pay per month to his mother.
25 March 1917EmbarksEmbarks for England with 149th Battalion
7 April 1917Arrived in EnglandArrived Liverpool aboard the SS Lapland.
7 April 1917TOSTOS with the 25th Battalion at Bramshott.
1 June 1917SOS and TOSSOS 25th Battalion and TOS 161st Battalion.
28 February 1918TOSTOS with the 18th Battalion.
28 February 1918Proceeds OverseasArrives 2nd Canadian Infantry Base Depot, Etaples.
15 March 1918Arrives in the FieldArrives “in the field” with the 18th Battalion at Le Pendu. The 18th Battalion War Diary relates that day, “Company inspections of rifles and equipment. Summarized training as per syllabus attached. 91 ors arrived from 5th Canadian Division arrived as reinforcements. 2 ors returned from hospital. Recreational training in football, baseball etc during afternoon.”
2 April 1918WoundedPosition as shown yesterday. There was no shelters in any of the trenches for the men, so funk holes were dug and improved as opportunities occurred.   In answer to S.O.S. on our left flank we opened up a heavy barrage on Enemy front and support lines, which drew retaliation from the enemy. We suffered several casualties. Lieut. G.N. TUCKER being wounded. 3 ors. killed in action. 30 wounded.   Owing to erratic shelling by the enemy it was impossible to keep telegraphic communication with each company but this communication was kept up with Brigade H.Q. with the exception of short intervals. Communication to companies was done by Runners working at night but some dangerous trips were made during daylight, part of the way being overland in direct view of the enemy, and over ground continually swept by M.G. fire.”   He was wounded in the right shoulder. Sent to No. 2 CFA.
3 April 1918TransferredTransferred from No. 2 CFA to No. 8 CCS.
6 April 1918TransferredTransferred to No. 7 Canadian General Hospital, Etaples, France.
10 April 1918Transferred to EnglandTransferred for further treatment via AT Newhaven.
10 April 1918AdmittedAdmitted to 1st Welsh at Haverlock.
10 April 1918Evacuated and POSTEDEvacuated to England and Posted to the Western Ontario Regimental Depot.
10 May 1918AdmittedAdmitted to Woodcote Park Hospital, Epsom.
5 June 1918DischargedDischarged from Hospital.
5 June 1918ON COMMANDOn Command with the 2nd CCD at Witley Camp.
26 July 1918OFF COMMAND and TOSTOS with the 4th Reserve Battalion.
24 SeptemberTOS and SOSTOS from 4th Reserve Battalion to the WORD.
2 January 1919AttachedAttached to Company at Kinmel Park. No. 1 Military District Wing.
11 January 1919Ceases Attachment 
12 January 1919SOS to CEF in CanadaWitley
26 January 1919Arrives CanadaPosted to C Company (Probably Military District 1, London, Ontario) and granted furlough with subsistence allowance until 11 February 1919.
17 February 1919DischargedDischarged Medically Unfit at London, Ontario.
30 September 1922Address UpdatesAddress updated from 510 Fairview Avenue, Detroit, Michigan to Beoford Ranch, Nichol, British Columbia.
27 May 1975DiesDies at Burnaby, British Columbia.


AWLAbsent Without Leave: Generally, a soldier would be deducted 1-days pay for every day absent. In some cases, the soldier would be confined to barracks. Sometimes it was a combination of both.
A ClassificationMedical Board Classification that determined your fitness for duty. A1, A2, A3 and A4 were assigned to different units with the expectation that these men would be able to serve with active combat units. See this link for more information.
B ClassificationMedical Board Classification that determined your fitness for duty. B1, B2, and B3 were assigned to different service units such as railway and forestry corps. See this link for more information.
D ClassificationSee this link for more information.
CAMCCanadian Army Medical Corp
CBConfined to Barracks: a punishment for minor infractions.
CCDCasualty Convalescent Depot: a depot at a base where men, in their final stages of convalescing, would be prepared for duty depending on their rating.
CCHCasualty Clearing Hospital
CCRCCanadian Corps Reserve Camp
CCSCasualty Clearing Station: this facility was attached to rail transportation from the front to hospitals on the coast of France
CDCCanadian Dispatch Camp
CFACanadian Field Ambulance/Canadian Field Artillery. Most common usage would be Canadian Field Ambulance.
DAHDisorderly Action of the Heart
DRSDivisional Rest Station
GSWGun Shot Wound – this was a generic term for all projectile penetrating wounds.
In the FieldThis term relates to a soldier arriving at an active-duty unit after transporting from England, to France, and then to his duty assignment. The routing varied from soldier to soldier and could take 2-3 days to several months.
MDMilitary District
PUOPyrexia of Unknown Origin: This was a term used for any illness that could not clearly be identified and typically was related to influenza symptoms.
SOSStruck Off Strength
TOSTaken On Strength
CAMCCanadian Army Medical Corp
CCHCasualty Clearing Hospital
CFACanadian Field Ambulance
DRSDivisional Rest Station
GSWGun Shot Wound – this was a generic term for all projectile penetrating wounds.
MDMilitary District
PUOPyrexia of Unknown Origin
SOSStruck Off Strength
TOSTaken On Strength
WORDWestern Ontario Regimental Depot

[i] The Summary of Service for this soldier is meant as just that, a summary of his service. It is not intended to be an exhaustive biographical relation of his life or his war service. In addition, some errors and omissions may occur. This is a best efforts by a the author who has no professional training in the interpretation of these records. Some information may be deliberately suppressed by the author out of sensitivity to the soldier. Readers are encouraged to reference the actual service records available at the Library and Archives Canada in PDF format if they wish to learn more about this soldier. Such additional information (i.e. hyperlinks etc.) are for informational purpose only and no claim to verification or accuracy is made by the author of this summary.

[ii] Note that the date of birth may be inaccurate. A percentage of soldiers lied about their age for a variety of reasons, mostly often as the were under or over age.

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