Kemp, Kenneth: Service no. 405501

Digitized Service Record

Source: Facebook post at 18th Battalion Facebook Group by Greg Melanson.

Find-A-Grave

Summary of Service[i] for Private Kenneth Kemp, reg. no. 405501

Notes from Summary of Service

  1. There is an entry in the service record that he was to be promoted to Company Quarter Master Sergeant upon his enlistment, but the entry is struck out.
  2. The entry dated September 25, 1917, for his pending return to Canada is unusual for an enlisted soldier. The reasons are not stated. Was his wife ill or some other family emergency? It is not clear that the order was related to military duty or compassionate grounds. In any case, it was cancelled the next day.
  3. It is more usual that a soldier of any rank, other than private, is reverted to the rank of private before they are sent to an active-duty unit. This is one of the rare case sI have seen a soldier keep, effectively, his present rank and have it carry over with him to his active duty unit.
DateEventRemarks
April 28, 1886BornBorn at [Rosshire], Scotland to Mr. and Mrs.
Estimated 1905EmigratedEmigrated to Canada
March 23, 1911MarriesMarries Annie Smith at Toronto, Ontario.
April 5, 1915EnlistsEnlists with the 35th Battalion at Toronto, Ontario. He is 29-years old and indicates he has 9-years military experience with the 48th Highlanders. He is currently a cutter and is married. He resides at 404 Clinton Street, Toronto, Ontario. A Presbyterian, he stands 5’ 9” tall with a chest of 38” with a 4” expansion. He weighs 190 lbs. He has a dark complexion, blue eyes, and black hair. He is assigned to “D” Company.
October 1915Assigns PayAssigns pay to his wife, Annie Kemp, of $25.00 per month. The cheques are assigned to 433 Graces Street but she later moves to 278 Montrose Avenue, Toronto, Ontario. There is a further record of an address at 382 Bathurst Street in the pay records and 433 Grace Street, Toronto, Ontario.
October 15, 1915EmbarksEmbarks from Montreal to England aboard HMS Metagama.
October 25, 1915DisembarksDisembarks at Plymouth, England.
October 30. 1915DetailedDetailed for P.T. and B.F Course at Aldershot.
November 27, 1915Reported ReturnedReturned to unit at West Sandling.
January 4, 1917TransferredTransferred to 4th Reserve Battalion and TOS.
June 2, 1917PromotedPromoted to Acting Sergeant Major with 2nd Class Warrant Rank at Bramshott Camp.
September 25, 1917SOSSOS 4th Reserve Battalion, pending return to Canada.
September 2, 1917CancelledNo explanation for cancellation.
October 18, 1917ArrivesArrives at No. 2 Canadian Infantry Base Depot, Etaples, France. It is noted that this soldier is supernumerary to the establishment of the 18th Battalion and will carry his rank of Acting Sergeant with him to his assignment.
October 23, 1917ArrivesArrives at the Canadian Corps Reinforcement Camp.
October 29, 1917DispatchedDispatched to join his unit in the field.
November 23, 1917Arrives at 18th BattalionArrives almost a month after being dispatched. No explanation is given. It may be a clerical error. The CCRC was close to the frontlines and most soldiers arrived at their active-duty assignments within days of being dispatched.   The 18th Battalion is encamped at Viilers Au Bios and the Battalion was participating in parades and instruction.
April 22, 1918WoundedWounded in action. Sergeant Kemp is wounded with 1 GWS, right thigh; 2 GSW right axilla; 3 GSW to right leg and ankle with a compound fracture of the fibula.   On that date the 18th Battalion War Diary relates:   “During night of 21/22 working parties from Battalion cleaning and repairing trenches. Lieut. G.J. Spencer (Scout Officer) Sgt. Manby and 4 scouts reconnoitered entire system of surrounding trenches to check our lines and posts. Our observers discovered what appears to be part of enemy new front line trench at N.19.b.35.85 and several of our scouts lying in shell holes in No Mans Land were able to snipe. Scout Rymal claiming one hun.   At 12.30 German sentry was observed at N.19.2.80.20 and Sgt. Manby with 4 scouts set out to secure line but were held up by wire in front of this post. Sgt. Manby therefore shot the Sentry. Germans were observed in the Church at Neuville Vitasse which is being used as an O.P.”  
April 23 – 24, 1918Moved Between Medical UnitsSgt. Kemp probably was transported to a CFA and the to a CCS where he would be stabilized, his wounds dressed and then transported by train from the CCS to the hospital in Etaples.
April 25, 1918AdmittedAdmitted to No. 26 General Hospital, Etaples, France.
April 28, 1918TOSTOS with the WORD from the 18th Battalion.
April 28, 1918AdmittedAdmitted to West Suffolk General Hospital, Bury St. Edmonds.
July 20, 1918AdmittedAdmitted to Auxiliary Hospital, Hill Road, Bury St. Edmonds.
August 9, 1918AdmittedAdmitted to General Military Hospital, Colchester, England.
October 4, 1918AdmittedCanadian Special Hospital, Witley, Surrey.
August 17, 1918AdmittedMilitary Convalescent Hospital, West, Park,  Epsom
August 20, 1918AdmittedAdmitted to the Remedial Treatment Gymnasium, Military Convalescent Hospital, Epsom. He is part of Division A, Hut 610. He is required to attend from 9:30 AM to 2:00 PM.
October 2, 1918DischargedDischarged from above.
October 19, 1918AdmittedAdmitted Woodcote Park, Epsom. During this time it was noted that there were many pieces of metal in the area of his wounds but there would be no benefit to removing them.
January 10, 1919Discharged 
January 10, 1919AttachedAttached Depot Company, Witley Camp.
February 12, 1919Dental ExamCard shows his teeth had not fillings, extractions or any other treatment. Very rare for this era.
February 18, 1919SOSSOS CCC Rhyl. MD @
February 19, 1919AttachedAttached CCC Kinmel Park for return to Canada.
March 10, 1919PostedPosted to Cas. Co. (Ex. Camp).
March 10, 1919EmbarkedEmbarked HMT Celtic at Liverpool for Canada.
March 10, 1919TOSTOS with No. 2 District Depot.
April 2, 1919SOSSOS on transportation to Clearing Service Command, Quebec. Transfer is cancelled.
April 7, 1919Dental ExamDental exam in preparation for return to Canada.
April 9, 1919PostedPosted to Cas. Co. (Park School)
May 14, 1919PostedPosted from Cas. Co. to Hospital Section.
June 6, 1919PostedPosted from Hospital Section to Cas. Co. Park Hill.
June 12, 1919DischargedDischarged medically unfit at Military District No. 2 (Toronto).
June 18, 1919SOS to Discharge 
August 20, 192?Updated addressUpdated residence address from 812 Logan Avenue to 83 Browning Avenue, Toronto, Ontario.
January 17, 1944DeceasedHis next of kin is his wife, Annie. She is now residing at Apartment C, 1 Glenridge Road, Ontario. He is interned at Saint James Cemetery Toronto, Toronto Municipality, Ontario, Canada.

Acronyms

AWLAbsent Without Leave: Generally, a soldier would be deducted 1-days pay for every day absent. In some cases, the soldier would be confined to barracks. Sometimes it was a combination of both.
A ClassificationMedical Board Classification that determined your fitness for duty. A1, A2, A3 and A4 were assigned to different units with the expectation that these men would be able to serve with active combat units. See this link for more information.
B ClassificationMedical Board Classification that determined your fitness for duty. B1, B2, and B3 were assigned to different service units such as railway and forestry corps. See this link for more information.
D ClassificationSee this link for more information.
CAMCCanadian Army Medical Corp
Cas. Co.Possibly Casualty Company.
CBConfined to Barracks: a punishment for minor infractions.
CCCCanadian Convalescent Corp
CCDCasualty Convalescent Depot: a depot at a base where men, in their final stages of convalescing, would be prepared for duty depending on their rating.
CCHCasualty Clearing Hospital
CCRCCanadian Corps Reserve Camp
CCSCasualty Clearing Station: this facility was attached to rail transportation from the front to hospitals on the coast of France
CFACanadian Field Ambulance
DHADisorderly Action of the Heart
DRSDivisional Rest Station
GSWGun Shot Wound – this was a generic term for all projectile penetrating wounds.
In the FieldThis term relates to a soldier arriving at an active-duty unit after transporting from England, to France, and then to his duty assignment. The routing varied from soldier to soldier and could take 2-3 days to several months.
MDMilitary District
PUOPyrexia of Unknown Origin: This was a term used for any illness that could not clearly be identified and typically was related to influenza symptoms.
SOSStruck Off Strength
TOSTaken On Strength
WORDWestern Ontario Regimental Depot. This was the “holding” unit for soldiers that make up the regiments recruited and raised on the Western Ontario district.

[i] The Summary of Service for this soldier is meant as just that, a summary of his service. It is not intended to be an exhaustive biographical relation of his life or his war service. Some information may be deliberately suppressed by the author out of sensitivity to the soldier. Readers are encouraged to reference the actual service records available at the Library and Archives Canada in PDF format if they wish to learn more about this soldier. Such additional information (i.e. hyperlinks etc.) are for informational purpose only and no claim to verification or accuracy is made by the author of this summary.

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