Source: September 1916 K.I.A.
This 19-year-old plasterer enlisted with the 36th Battalion on June 12, 1915, at Niagara Camp, Niagara-on-the-Lake. He had no prior military experience.
He arrived in England on June 28, 1915, and was transferred to the 18th Battalion and active duty on December 31, 1915, arriving in the field on New Years Day 1916.
He served the Battalion, save for a short leave to No. 4 Canadian Field Ambulance for blistered feet. Returning the same day, he was killed on September 15, 1916, due to enemy action. He was originally reported missing but it was determined he perished in the fighting on that date.