Source: Via post by Elizabeth Anne at 18th Battalion Facebook Group. Interestingly the Roll of Honour for the 18th Battalion had this soldier listed as “Killed in Action” when, in fact, he survived the war. He was wounded by an enemy shell on August 21, 1917 at Lens and survived his wounds. This shell was responsible for multiple casualties to the Battalion on that day.
Underaged. Born December 12, 1900.
Above are four images. The 18th Battalion Association listed this Private Nichols in their post war document as being “Killed in Action”. He was wounded on August 21, 1917 at Lens when an enemy shell hit his Company while marching back to the rear. The casualties were many and several men were killed outright. The other documents are from his service record recording the date and nature of his wounds.
Summary of Service for Private Morden Lyle Nichols, reg. 880050.
|December 12, 1899||Born||Born at Chatham, Kent County, Ontario, Canada to Mrs. May Nichols. Date per his attestation papers.|
|February 21, 1916||Enlists||Enlists at the age of 17-years old with the 186th Overseas Battalion. He identifies as a farmer and stands 5’8.5” tall. He lists his mother as his next-of-kin. He is currently residing at Eberts, Ontario.|
|April 3, 1916||Inoculated|
|July 4, 1916||Vaccinated||Anti-Typhoid|
|July 13, 1916||Vaccinated||Anti-Typhoid|
|July 20, 1916||Vaccinated||Anti-Typhoid|
|September 27, 1916||Particulars of Family of an Officer or Enlisted Man in C.E.F.||Fills out this form. The form indicates that his father, W.J. Nichols, is also a member of the 186th Overseas Battalion and that his mother resides at 460 Queen Street in Chatham.|
|December 18, 1916||Confined to Barracks||Confined to barracks per D.O. 246.|
|February 24, 1917||Confined to Barracks||Confined to barracks per D.O. 42.|
|March 21, 1917||Overseas|
|March 25, 1917||Embarks||Embarks Halifax for duty in England.|
|April 1, 1917||Assigns Pay||Assigns $15.00 per month to his mother, Mrs. May Nichols.|
|April 7, 1917||Debarks||Arrives Liverpool.|
|April 7, 1917||Transferred||Transferred to the 4th Reserve Battalion at Bramshott.|
|June 5, 1917||Taken On Strength||Taken on strength with the 18th Battalion.|
|June 6, 1917||Arrives||Arrives at Etaples, France at the 2nd Canadian Infantry Base Depot.|
|June 13, 1917||Arrives||Arrives, in the field, with the 18th Battalion. The War Diary relates that day: “Clothing parades and completion of Bath parades. Lieut. C.H. Biscoe and 42 o.rs arrived as reinforcements, many of them old men rejoining.[ii]” The Battalion was at Barlin, France resting and training.|
|August 21, 1917||Wounded||“Dangerously Wounded” and transported to No. 23 C.C.S. after a shell landed on a road. This shell killed and wounded many members of the 18th Battalion that day. He lost both legs.
The War Diary relates: “The Battalion left BULLY-GRENAY at9.30 a.m. and proceeded to BOUVIGNY HUTS going in Corps Reserve. On the road “D”coy sustained 52 casualties, 23 of which were fatal, by the bursting of an enemy shell (high velocity). This bringing our casualties to approximately 220 during the tour.
Lieut. W. Hampton and 4 O.Rs admitted to hospital.”
|August 27, 1917||Status Updated||Removed from dangerously wounded category.|
|September 5, 1917||Admitted||Tooting Military Hospital|
|September 25, 1917||Status Updated||“Much improved. Doing very well.”|
|February 19, 1918||Admitted||Admitted to the Granville Canadian Special Hospital.|
|May 13, 1918||Discharged||Discharged from above.|
|May 14, 1918||Admitted||Admitted No. 5 Canadian General Hospital, Kirkdale.|
|May 25, 1918||Departs||Arrives Canada via the S.S. Araguaya. Leaves via Avonmouth.|
|June 6, 1918||Admitted||Military Orthopaedic Hospital, Toronto.|
|June 7, 1918||Case History|
|June 17, 1918||Admitted||Admitted The Brant Military Hospital, Burlington.|
|August 20, 1918||Admitted||Military Orthopaedic Hospital, Toronto.|
|October 8, 1918||Admitted||Western Ontario Military Hospital, London.|
|October 30, 1918||Admitted||Military Orthopaedic Hospital, Toronto. Recommended to Davisville for fitting of artificial legs.|
|October 30, 1918||Taken On Strength||Taken on strength after being transferred. Transferred to Hospital Section of Military District #1.|
|December 12, 1918||Admitted||Western Ontario Military Hospital, London.|
|February 3, 1919||Admitted||Admitted to Davisville Military Hospital, Toronto.|
|June 18, 1919||Elected to be Discharged||Discharged on his own request. Proposes to reside at 460 Queen Street, Chatham, Ontario.|
|December 14, 1921||Latest Address||Latest address updated to 460 Queen Street, Chatham, Ontario.|
|April 27, 1980||Passes Away||Dies at Westminster Hospital, London, Ontario at the age of 79. Note that the information in this soldier’s file is in error.|