Source: April 1917 casualty.
This native of Petrolia, Ontario enlisted on December 27, 1915, at Petrolia with the 70th Battalion. He was a 32-year-old single farmer with no military experience.
He left Canada on April 24, 1916, and the trip from Halifax to Liverpool arrived May 5, 1916. HE was then transferred to the 39th Battalion July 10, 1916. Less than a month later he was transferred to the 18th Battalion for active service, arriving August 21, 1916.
Surviving the hell of the Somme, where he was posted missing and later returned to his unit, and participating in the opening of the Vimy Campaign on April 9, 1917 he was killed in action on April 12, 1917.