A good overview of trenches in World War 1.
In two of my novels, I created scenes set in WWI trenches. To make them as realistic as possible I needed to understand trench layouts and the nomenclature involved. I found a few diagrams on various sites and in one of my non-fiction books.
(1) There are front line trenches and support trenches as well as interconnecting alleyways – called communications trenches.
(2) Artillery is in behind, firing over the heads of their troops.
(3) All trench lines zigzagged in part to prevent explosions from rippling sideways – and hence wounding or killing more soldiers – for more than a short distance.
The second diagram (source: Vimy Ridge 1917, Osprey Publishing) sets out the concept of a platoon attack against its objectives.
(4) Troops are deployed in waves. Note the planned 1st Wave and 2nd Wave troop deployment.
(5) riflemen and bombers in front (1st line),
(6) rifle bombers and Lewis gunners in…
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