War Diary of the 18th Battalion: January 1919

Confidential
War Diary
of
18th CANADIAN BATTALION – 2nd CANADIAN DIVISION

From 1st January 1919 to 31st January 1919

Volume 41
With appendices 1 – 30

Place Date Hour Summary of Events and Information
ALLNER
6-G.90.90 Germany 8-L
1   “New Year’s Day”—- A Most Prosperous New Year to Everyone. The Battalion continued training as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 1. The men of the Battalion have been especially directed against fraternising with the German population. 7 O.R’s on leave. 1 O.R. attached to Prisoners of War Camp, Wahm. 1 O.R. admitted to Hospital and 1 O.R. returned from Hospital.
  2   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 2. Educational Classes are continuing as usual and the men are taking a very fair interest in all the classes. 2 O.R’s on leave. Lieut. C. Cook, returned from Hospital this date together with 6 O.R.
  3   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 3. Educational work is being continued as usual. Owing to the food shortage, for the civilian population in the Occupied Territory and in Germany as a whole, the member of the Army of Occupation are forbidden to purchase any food stuffs whatsoever, with the exception of vegetables and fruit. 4 O.R’s on leave and 1 O.R. returned from leave.
  4   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 4. The Educational work continues and is showing a very fine progress.
  5   The Battalion attended Church Service to-day and enjoyed one of the Padre’s excellent sermons. 6 O.R’s on leave from U.K. and 2 O.R’s on leave to Paris. 1 O.R. returned from leave from U.K. Captain W.J. Baxter awarded the Military Cross. 2 O.R. returned from Hospital. Syllabus of training etc., for the day attached, appendix No. 5.
  6   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 6. Educational work continued as usual. 3 O.R’s on leave to U.K. 1 O.R. attached to 2nd Canadian Divisional Guard.
  7   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 7. Educational work continued as usual. At 18:00 Hours an Historical Lecture was given, in the Y.M.C.A. Cinema. The Battalion was in attendance and the hall was filled to capacity by 17:45 Hours. 12 O.R’s n leave. 1 O.R. to Hospital.
  8   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 8. Educational work was carried on as usual. 5 O.R’s on leave. Lieut. S.G. Stokes returned from leave together with 3 O.R’s. Lieut.’s W.K. Rooney and J.H. Barkley proceeded to the Base this date.
  9   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 9. Educational work was carried on as usual. Cap’t. D.R. Oliver on leave together with 6 O.R’s to U.K. and 2 O.R’s to Paris. [1] O.R. returned from 2nd Canadian Divisional Guard. 1 O.R. admitted to Hospital. 1 O.R. from No. 5 Military Prison.
  10   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 9. Educational work was carried on as usual. 5 O.R’s on leave to U.K. and 2 O.R’s to Paris. 2 O.R’s returned from leave.
  11   The Battalion was to-day inspected by Brigadier-General E. McQuaig, G.O.C. 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade. The inspection was held at 9.30 hours on the battalion parade ground. “B” Company was inspected on its own parade ground around 11:00 hours. Platoons on Outpost Duty were inspected at their various locations. Police, Cooks, Cook-Kitchens, Transport etc. were inspected in their own locations. 7 O.R’s on leave and 2 O.R. returned from leave. 3 O.R’s on Escort Duty to Coblenz and 3 O.R’s on escort duty to Cologne. 1 O.R. to Hospital and 2 O.R’s returned from Hospital. Syllabi to today attached, appendix no. 11.

On the evening of the 10th. Of January, 1919, a Supper and Dance was given by the Officers of the Battalion, in the “Schloss” Allner. Over 100 guests were invited including the Divisional Commander, Maj.-General H.E. Burstall and Officers of the different Brigades in the Division. The Nursing-Sisters from the C.C.S. in Bonn were also invited and were present to the number of about twenty. The early part of the evening was devoted to dancing and then Supper was served, after which the Nursing-Sisters and Officers Guests departed for their different stations in the area.

  12   The Battalion attended Church Service to-day and as usual the Padre was in excellent voice. The Battalion enjoyed an excellent sermon. The Syllabus for the day is attached, appendix No. 12.
  13   The Battalion continued training as per syllabi attached, appendix No. 13. Educational Classes carrying on as usual. During the Evening a Supper and entertainment was given by the N.C.O’s of the Battalion, Sergeants, Senior N.C.O’s and Warrant Officers being in attendance. Several guests, warrant Officers and Senior N.C.O’s from the other Battalions of the Brigade being present, also. Lt.-Colonel L.E. Jones and Lieut. C. Cook also were present. Lt.-Colonel Jones spoke during the evening, complimenting the N.C.O’s upon their fine efforts in the past, expressing his sincere appreciation of the splendid co-operation with the Officers of the Battalion. Entertainment for the evening was provided by talent from the Battalion. Lt. J.T. Taylor of “C” Co’y delighted the gathering with several songs of great popularity,, giving the necessary colour and expression to the songs, as only Lieut. Taylor can do. His efforts were vociferously appreciated. Bandmaster Thomas’ efforts on the piano were also greatly appreciated. Other varieties of entertainment were Clog-Dancing, Fancy Dancing etc. Altogether the evening was one of enjoyment.
  14   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 14. Educational Classes are continuing as usual.
  15   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 15. At 18:00 Hours in the evening the 2nd Canadian Divisional Concert Party arrived at the Y.M.C.A. Cinema. The hall was filled to capacity shortly after the opening hour and the performance was greatly appreciated by the men and officers of the Battalion.
  16   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 16. Educational work was carried on as usual.

DEFENCE SCHEME IN CASE OF RENEWAL OF HOSTILIES OR ENEMY ATTACH, 18th Canadian Battalion, Western Ontario Regiment

1.       In case warning is received that hostilities are to be renewed, the Brigade Reserve Battalion will push forward to the Rheinereithbach-Eudenbach-Muleip-Eitorf line as soon as possible in order to prevent any enemy observation of the 2nd Canadian Divisional Area, the 18th. Canadian Battalion holding itself in readiness to push forward and occupy line of resistance formed by forward battalions.

2.       In case the enemy attacks without previous warning, “B” Company will withdraw from Brohl area to the heights – Heistershloss and Happerschoss. “D” Company will occupy the “Schloss Allner, and occupying high ground to the North-east, connecting with “B” Company, destroying bridges over the river Sieg, and prevent enemy crossing the river. “C” Company will occupy Hennef, covering Railway Lines and barricading all Railway lines at present Outpost Line.

a.       “A” Company in Battalion Reserve, will move to Weingarts-Gass, holding themselves in readiness to reinforce any part of the Battalion frontage immediately on receipt of instructions.

3.       In case of attack, as in para. 2 above, Companies will act on receipt of the word “Positions”. “A” Company will reinforce on receipt of the words “Battle-Positions” followed by location and will counter-attack on receipt of words “Drive Back” followed by location.

Signed by:- C.Cook, Lieut. Adjt. 18th. Canadian Battalion. 16.1.19.

Copy of Defence Scheme attached, appendix No. 17.

Lieut. J Morgan proceeded on leave to U.K. with 5 O.R’s Cap’t. C.H. Boulden and 1 O.R. returned from leave.

  17   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 18. Educational work was carried on as usual. Maj. J.J. Richardson returned from leave this date together with Cap’t. W.A.S. Porter and Lieut. C.D. Smith and 4 O.R.
  18   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 19. Educational work was carried on as usual. 10 O.R’s on leave.
  19   The Battalion paraded for Church Service to-day, the last service they would attend as a Battalion in Germany. Service being in the Cinema at 9:30 hours. Syllabi for the day attached, appendix No. 20.
  20   The Battalion was relieved, to-day, by the 2nd/4th. Queens (Imperial). All reliefs completed by 13:00 hours. The Battalion moved off at 15:30 hours, in Full Marching Order, passing in review before Lt.-Col. L.E. Jones, D.S.O. and the Officer Commanding the 2nd./4th. Queens, and marched to Siegeberg, arriving there about 17:30 hours and entrained at 18:00 hours. The Battalion spent the night on the train while enroute for destination Fosses, Belgium. Moved order attached, appendix No. 21.
  21   The day was spent on the train enroute from Germany. The Battalion arrived at Auvelais, Belgium at 18:00 hours and detrained and occupied Billets in this town for the night.
  22   The Battalion remained in Auvelais for the day, resting.
  23   The Battalion moved off at 13:00 hours, in Full Marching Order and marched to Fosses, Belgium, where we were to remain for some time, arriving in Fosses about, 15:00 hours. Move Order attached, appendix No. 22.
  24   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached. Appendix No. 23. Preparations being made for a prolonged stay in this area, stoves, coal, etc. were secured to provide against the expected cold weather.
  25   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 24. Educational Classes re-established and proceeded with as per Syllabi attached. Major J.S. Bell proceeded on leave on the 19th of January, 1919. 11 O.R’s on leave and 17 O.R’s returned.
  26   The Battalion attended Church Service to-day and enjoyed one of the Padre’s excellent Sermons. Syllabi attached, appendix No. 25. 5 O.R’s on leave.
  27   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 26. Educational work was carried on as usual. 5 O.R’s on leave and 2 O.R’s returned from leave.
  28   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 27. Educational work was carried on as usual. 5 O.R’s on leave and 1 O.R’s returned from leave.
  29   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 28. Educational work was carried on as usual.
  30   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 29.
  31   The Battalion continued training to-day as per Syllabi attached, appendix no. 30. Educational work was carried on as usual.

War Diary

Appendices

Maps

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